TRC Inc.’s Impact Laboratory recently built a crash test fixture used to conduct The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) Small Overlap Frontal Crashworthiness Evaluation. The fabrication of the fixture was completed in August.
The IIHS is an independent, nonprofit scientific and educational organization dedicated to reducing the losses (deaths, injuries and property damage) from crashes on the nation’s roads. On August 14, 2012, IIHS released the details of this more demanding frontal offset test. The Small Overlap Frontal Crashworthiness Evaluation, used in addition to the 40% offset test introduced in 1995, subjects only 25% of the front end of the vehicle to a 40 mph impact. The test is designed to duplicate what happens when the front corner of a car collides with another vehicle or strikes a slim object, such as a utility pole or tree.
The rating system is similar to the 40% offset, but has some key differences: hip/thigh and lower leg/foot ratings replace individual ratings for each leg and foot, and a full score cannot be attained without deployment of side and side curtain airbags (due to severe side movement often resulting from this test).
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